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飛機的窗戶,原來藏著這種心機!

2019-10-30 08:53:16  每日學英語

There are roughly 102,465 commercial flights each day which, over a year, equates to about four billion air passengers per year.

世界上每天都有大概102,465個班次的商業航班,換算成一年,差不多就是40億人次。

That's over half of the world's population who've sat on a flight, often for hours on end, and had time to think about planes and ask questions about them.

這所有坐過飛機的人已經超過地球人口的一半了,而且他們通常一坐就是幾小時,有充足的時間來思考飛機的方方面面并對它們提出問題。

If you've ever stared out the window as your plane takes off, you will have seen a tiny hole in your window.

如果你曾經在飛機起飛的時候盯著窗外看,你會發現窗子上是有小洞的。

 

飛機

 

At first, it may seem like a weird addition, especially in something that's carrying a lot of people at a great height, but they're there for a very important reason: to stop the cabin from depressuring.

乍看之下,這個細節很詭異,尤其是它還出現在一個載著這么多人、飛得這么高的東西上,但其實它是有重要作用的:防止機艙減壓。

As the plane gains altitude, the air pressure outside drops compared to the regulated air pressure inside the cabin.

隨著飛機的飛行高度增加,飛機外面的氣壓會低于飛機內收到調控的氣壓。

The difference between the two puts physical stress on the windows - made up of three panes of glass.

兩側的氣壓差會對窗戶造成物理壓力。(飛機的窗子是由3層玻璃組成的)

 

飛機

 

There's a small air gap in between the middle and outer panes and the hole is actually in the middle pane.

在中層玻璃和外層玻璃之間有一個空氣層,而這些小洞實際上是位于中層玻璃上的。

If you ever wondered what it's called - it's a "breather" or "bleed hole" - and it balances the pressure between the cabin and the air gap.

你可能好奇過它們叫什么。它們被稱為“呼吸孔”或者“出血孔”——它們能平衡機艙與空氣層之間的壓力。

The outer pane takes the pressure, whereas the middle pane acts as a fail-safe just in case that trusty outer pane fails. Perish the thought.

承受壓力的是外層玻璃,而中層玻璃則是一層保險,以防那層可靠的外層玻璃突然時效了。不過你還是打消這個想法吧。

So we now know the crucial function of those tiny holes in aeroplane windows which previously might have made you panic mildly.

好,現在我們已經知道飛機窗戶上那些小洞有多么重要的作用了,而這玩意以前可能會給你帶來點小恐慌。

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