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《The Lord Of The Rings: The Two Towers》 指環王2:雙塔奇兵 映射現實的思考

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2020年02月23日

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No.021 《The Lord Of The Rings: The Two Towers》 指環王2:雙塔奇兵 映射現實的思考

英文導讀

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers is a 2002 epic fantasy film directed by Peter Jackson and based on the second volume of J. R. R. Tolkien's novel The Lord of the Rings. It is the second film in The Lord of the Rings film series, preceded by The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) and concluding with The Return of the King (2003).

The second film in Peter Jackson's series of screen adaptations of J.R.R. Tolkien's internationally popular Lord of The Rings trilogy, with the Fellowship splitting into three groups as they seek to return the Ring to Mordor, the forbidding land where the powerful talisman must be taken to be destroyed. Frodo (Elijah Wood), who carries the Ring and his fellow Hobbit Sam (Sean Astin) are lost in the hills of Emyn Muil when they encounter Gollum (Andy Serkis), a strange creature who once carried the Ring and was twisted by its power. Gollum volunteers to guide the pair to Mordor; Frodo agrees, but Sam does not trust their new acquaintance. Elsewhere, Merry (Dominic Monaghan) and Pippin (Billy Boyd) are attempting to navigate Fangorn Forrest where they discover a most unusual nemesis—Treebeard (voice of John Rhys-Davies), a walking and talking tree-shepherd who doesn't much care for Hobbits. Finally, Aragorn (Viggo Mortensen), Gimli (John Rhys-Davies), and Legolas (Orlando Bloom) arrive in Rohan to discover that the evil powers of Saruman (Christopher Lee) have robbed King Theoden (Bernard Hill) of his rule. The King's niece éowyn (Miranda Otto) believes Aragorn and his men have the strength to defeat Saruman, his henchman Wormtongue (Brad Dourif), and their minions. éowyn soon becomes infatuated with Aragorn, while he struggles to stay faithful to the pledge of love he made to Arwen (Liv Tyler). Gandalf (Ian McKellen) offers his help and encouragement as the Rohans, under Aragorn's leadership, attempt to face down Saruman's armies, but they soon discover how great the task before them truly is when they learn that his troops consist of 10,000 bloodthirsty creatures specially bred to fight to the death.

Most of The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers was shot in tandem with The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King during a marathon 18-month shooting schedule, overseen by Peter Jackson.

The Two Towers received widespread critical acclaim. On the reviewer aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 221 reviews, the film has a 96% rating, along with an average score of 8.4/10. CNN film critic Paul Clinton called The Two Towers an "utter triumph", and writer Philip French of The Guardian noted in a review of the second film that "these Tolkien films have a weight and seriousness that very few sword-and-sorcery pictures of the past 30-odd years have attained." The Battle of Helm's Deep has been named as one of the greatest screen battles of all time, while Gollum was named as the third favorite computer-generated film character by Entertainment Weekly in 2007.

Meeting high critical acclaim, the film was an enormous box-office success, earning over $900 million worldwide and is currently the twenty-first highest-grossing film of all time (inflation-adjusted, it is the sixtieth most successful film in North America).

In 2003, the film was awarded two Academy Awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Visual Effects. It also received four other nominations for Best Picture, Best Art Direction, Best Film Editing (Michael Horton) and Best Sound Mixing.

《The Lord Of The Rings: The Two Towers》 指環王2:雙塔奇兵 映射現實的思考

獲獎情況

2003年第75屆奧斯卡:最佳音效剪輯、最佳視覺效果獎,并榮獲最佳影片提名、最佳藝術指導-布景提名、最佳音響提名。

影片信息

導演:彼得·杰克遜

編劇:弗蘭·威爾士、菲利帕·鮑恩斯

主演:伊利亞·伍德、西恩·奧斯汀、伊恩·麥凱倫、維戈·莫特森

類型:劇情、動作、奇幻、冒險

制片國家(地區):美國、新西蘭、德國

上映日期:2002-12-18(加拿大)

片長:179分鐘、223分鐘(加長版)

又名:《魔戒二部曲:雙城奇謀》《指環王II:雙塔》《魔戒2:雙塔奇謀》

劇情簡介

《指環王》第二部的劇情,在延續第一部風格的同時,故事呈現出多線發展的格局,情節有了更高的觀賞性。

在第一部的結尾,博羅米爾被強獸人殺死之后,哈比族人皮平和梅利也被強獸人綁架。阿拉貢、精靈萊戈拉斯(奧蘭多·布魯姆 飾)、侏儒金利一路追蹤強獸人,營救皮平和梅利,在危難時刻,皮平和梅利被會說話的樹精救了出來,并且遇到了“死而復生”的白袍巫師甘道夫(伊恩·麥凱倫 飾)。在甘道夫的授意下,樹精保護了兩人的安全,并且帶他們參加樹精大會,大會上,樹精們討論對待中土大戰的態度:是繼續當中立者,逆來順受,還是奮起反抗?

此時,投靠索倫的白袍巫師薩魯曼,控制了人類洛漢王國的國王,并派出大量的強獸人軍隊,準備消滅人類。阿拉貢、萊戈拉斯和金利在甘道夫的帶領下,幫助洛漢王國對抗邪惡力量的入侵。

而身負重任的佛羅多(伊利亞·伍德 飾)和山姆繼續向末日山脈前進,一路上被咕嚕跟蹤,佛羅多憑借著至尊魔戒的力量,成為了咕嚕的主人。他們在咕嚕的帶領下,來到了末日山脈的入口黑門。就在他們準備進入之時,博羅米爾的弟弟法莫爾出現,將他們帶回了剛鐸。佛羅多又遇上了新的危機:法莫爾想利用至尊魔戒的力量對抗薩魯曼的攻擊……

制作花絮

“白袍巫師薩魯曼”的扮演者克里斯多夫·李自己也是一個《指環王》迷,他每年都要通讀一遍三部曲的小說。他理解弗羅多和山姆的關系就像是軍官和他的勤務兵:照顧一個比他高頭銜的軍官。

精靈盔甲的設計者丹尼爾自然也少不了客串一把精靈戰士的機會,可結果被維戈·莫特森演戲的時候,在前面擋住了自己露臉。

在拍攝烏魯克在羅翰殺人放火的時候,由于要燒毀布景,所以必須一次性拍攝。而其間忽然狂風大作,有兩個過于投入的攝影師,直到頭發被燒焦了才發現火苗已經竄到他們面前了。兩人只好轉身快跑。

《指環王》劇組很幸運地從惠靈頓找到了一位“身材像摔跤運動員”的鑄劍師,此人完全用古代方法打造兵器,決不使用噴槍等現代化設備,因此一把劍通常要花3~6天完成。而三部曲電影拍完之后,這樣制作出的劍總共有幾百把之多!

電影中烏魯克使用的弩是滑桿式的,其最初設計源自德國,完全來自一本15世紀德國兵器圖鑒。

巧言葛力馬的扮演者布拉德·道里夫是為這部電影犧牲最大的演員之一,因為拍攝期間他要刮掉臉上所有的毛發,包括眉毛。

《The Lord Of The Rings: The Two Towers》 指環王2:雙塔奇兵 映射現實的思考

重點學習

Attempt to face down Saruman's armies

文中的face down是英語中的一個固定搭配,它的本意是“趴下,臉朝下臥倒”,比如:Everybody face down, there are bombs coming over.(大家都趴下,炮彈飛過來了。)另外,它還引申為“用目光(或氣勢等)壓倒,嚇倒;挫敗,降服”的意思,在文中,它就是這個意思。比如:The speaker faced his opponent down. (演講者用目光壓住了對手。)

His troops consist of 10,000 bloodthirsty creatures specially bred to fight to the death

文中的fight to是英語中的一個固定搭配,是“決一死戰;打到底;打到分出勝負”的意思,所以文中的fight to the death可譯為“生死決斗,決一死戰”,比如:I will fight to the death to make sure that America is safe.(我會為保護美國的安全而奮斗到底。)

單詞時間

rilogy[?tril?d?i] n. 三部曲;三部劇

talisman[?tælizm?n] n. 護身符;法寶

volunteer[?v?l?n?ti?] n. 志愿者;志愿兵

navigate[?næviɡeit] vt. 駕駛,操縱;使通過;航行于

evil[?i:v?l] adj. 邪惡的;不幸的;有害的;討厭的

henchman[?hent?m?n] n. 親信;追隨者;(美)走狗;侍從

minion[?minj?n] n. 奴才;寵臣

pledge[pled?] n. 保證,誓言;抵押;抵押品,典當物

encouragement[in?k?rid?m?nt] n. 鼓勵

bloodthirsty[?bl?d?θ?:sti] adj. 嗜殺的;殘忍的

tandem[?tænd?m] n. 串聯;串座雙人自行車

widespread[?waid?spred] adj. 普遍的,廣泛的;分布廣的


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